Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2018, Vol. 9 ›› Issue (4): 374-381.doi: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2018.04.005

Special Issue: 雄安新区

• Land Resources and Land Use • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Where Should the Start Zone Be Located for Xiong’an New Area? A Land Use Perspective

JIANG Luguang1,2,3,*, LV Peiyi1,2, FENG Zhiming1,2,3, LIU Ye1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Key Laboratory of Carrying Capacity Assessment for Resources and Environment, Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 100812, China
  • Received:2018-02-07 Revised:2018-05-28 Online:2018-07-30 Published:2018-07-24
  • Contact: *JIANG Luguang, E-mail: jianglg@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41430861); National Key Research and Development Program (2016YFC0503501); Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences (2014040).

Abstract: China announced plans on April 1, 2017 to create Xiong’an New Area, a new economic zone about 110 km southwest of Beijing. The new area of national significance covers the three counties of Xiongxian, Rongcheng and Anxin in Hebei Province, and is home to Baiyangdian, a major wetland in northern China. It will cover around 100 km2 initially (called “Starting Zone”) and will be expanded to 200 km2 in the mid-term and about 2000 km2 in the long term. In this context, it is important to assess the land use pattern for the new area’s planning and development. Based on remote sensing interpretation of Landsat OLI images, we examine the current land use features, the potential for built-up land saving and intensive use, and the spatial variation of arable land quality. The results indicate that the arable lands, built-up lands and wetlands account for around 60%, 20% and 10%, respectively. The potential for rural built-up land saving and intensive use is quite large. The arable land quality and use intensity in Rongcheng and Anxin counties are much better than that of Xiongxian. The pros and cons for three potential options for the Starting Zone are listed and compared. The eastern area of Rongcheng county, to the north of Baiyangdian, is believed to be the most suitable Starting Zone. Policy recommendations for built-up land expansion, farmland saving and flood risk mitigation for Xiong’an New Area are also proposed in this paper.

Key words: land use, options comparison, policy options, start zone, Xiong'an New Area