Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2018, Vol. 9 ›› Issue (3): 257-265.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2018.03.005

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Combating Desertification and Improving Local Livelihoods through the GGWI in the Sahel Region: The Example of Senegal

Salif Diop1, *, Aliou Guisse2, Claude Sene3, Birane Cisse3, Ndeye Rokhaya Diop4, Sokhna Dié Ka5, Amady Gnagna Cisse6, Saly Sambou3, Ousmane Ndiaye2, Adandé Belarmain Fandohan7, 8, FU Chao8, 9, WANG Guoqin8, 9, WANG Yongdong10   

  1. 1. National Academy of Sciences of Senegal, P.O. Box 4344 Dakar RP, Senegal;
    2. Faculty of Science and Technology, University Cheikh Anta Diop of Dakar, P.O. Box 5005 Dakar-Fann, Senegal;
    3. Doctoral School Water Quality and Uses of Water, University Cheikh Anta DIOP of Dakar, P.O. Box 5005 Dakar-Fann, Senegal;
    4. Sustainable Development and Environmental Engineering/I2DE Consulting, P.O.Box 5346 Dakar, Senegal;
    5. Laboratory of Studies and Research in Politics and Law of Environment and Health, University Cheikh Anta DIOP of Dakar, P.O. 5005 Dakar-Fann, Senegal;
    6. National Agency of the Great Green Wall of Senegal, Villa 10623 Bis, Sacré-Coeur 3, Dakar 11000, Senegal;
    7. Forestry, Agroforestry and Biogeography Research Unit, School of Forestry and Wood Engineering, National University of Agriculture, P.O. Box 43, Kétou, Benin;
    8. International Ecosystem Management Partnership, United Nations Environment Programme, Beijing 100101, China;
    9. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    10. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China
  • Received:2017-12-17 Revised:2018-03-08 Online:2018-05-30 Published:2018-05-30
  • Contact: Salif Diop, E-mail: and
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (31361140360); Global Dryland Ecosystem Programme supported by the International Partnership Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (121311KYSB20170004).

Abstract: The Great Green Wall Initiative (GGWI) has an overall objective of fighting desert encroachment through proven practices of sustainable management of land, and the reinforcement and protection of natural resources and systems of production and transformation, while also ensuring socio-economic development of local communities through multi-purpose activity platforms. The activities described in the present study are designed to accomplish several goals: (1) generate wealth, (2) strengthen access to basic social services, (3) manage the transition to a green economy as a means of creating suitable conditions for the emergence of rural production centers, (4) integrate sustainable development in order to eradicate poverty and food insecurity, and (5) strengthen adaptation and resilience capacities of local populations. The present study was undertaken on the basis of a wide variety of available publications and documentation, including articles and scientific papers, thesis, meeting summaries and reports, concerning the implementation of the Great Green Wall Initiative/GGWI in Senegal.

Key words: climate change, ecosystems function and services, fighting desert encroachment, Great Green Wall Initiative, livelihood, Sahel region.