Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2018, Vol. 9 ›› Issue (2): 154-163.doi: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2018.02.005

• Rural Household Survey and Livelihood • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Comprehensive Evaluation of Farm Household Livelihood Assets in a Western Mountainous Area of China: A Case Study in Zunyi City

LIU Zhifei1,2, CHEN Qianru2, XIE Hualin2,*   

  1. 1. College of Economics and Management, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang 330045, China;
    2. Institute of Ecological Civilization, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanchang 330013, China
  • Received:2017-12-08 Revised:2018-02-09 Online:2018-03-30 Published:2018-04-02
  • Contact: * XIE Hualin, E-mail: xiehl_2000@163.com
  • Supported by:
    Funding Project for Academic and Technical Leaders in Major Disciplines of Jiangxi Province (20172BCB22011); Science and Technology Landing Project for Universities in Jiangxi Province (KJLD14033); Major Bidding Project for Economic and Social Development in Jiangxi Province (17ZD03); Science and technology Project of Jiangxi Education Department(GJJ160431)

Abstract: As the foundation of farm household structure, livelihood asset status is the basis for farmers to gain opportunities, adopt livelihood strategies, resist livelihood risk, and engage in positive livelihood achievements. Quantifying farm household assets identifies future development trends that are fundamentally necessary to predict farm household vulnerability and strategy, as well as understanding farmers’ current living situations. Using Zunyi City in China’s western mountainous area as a case study, we conducted stratified sampling and participatory rural investigation appraisal to collect data on the attributes of farm households’ livelihood assets and livelihood strategies to establish an index evaluation system and enable evaluation and analysis of farm households with different livelihood strategies. Our research indicates that due to structural differences, total livelihood assets of farm households with different livelihood strategies are similar. Rural households have an abundance of natural and material assets and deficiencies in human, financial and social assets. Non-rural households and part- time households are abundant in human, financial and social assets and deficient in natural and material assets.

Key words: asset evaluation, farm households, livelihood assets, livelihood strategy, western mountainous area