Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2017, Vol. 8 ›› Issue (4): 378-384.doi: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2017.04.009

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatio-temporal Patterns of Vegetation Change in Kazakhstan from 1982 to 2015

LUO Liang1, 2, DU Wenpeng3, YAN Huimin1, 2, *, ZHEN Lin1, 2, DONG Yu1, 2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. College of Earth Science and Resources, Chang-an university, Xi’an 710054, China
  • Received:2017-05-01 Revised:2017-06-25 Online:2017-07-30 Published:2017-08-07
  • Supported by:
    National Key Research and Development Program of China(2016YFC0503700)

Abstract: The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), as a key indicator of vegetation growth, effectively provides information regarding vegetation growth status. Based on the Global Inventory Monitoring and Modeling System (GIMMS) NDVI time series data for Kazakhstan from 1982 to 2015, we analyzed the spatial pattern and changes in the vegetation growth trend. Results indicated that the three main types of vegetation in Kazakhstan are cropland, grassland and shrubland, and these are distributed from north to south. While the regional distribution pattern is obvious, the vegetation index decreased from north to south. The average NDVI values of the three main vegetation types are in the order of cropland > grassland > shrubland. During the period from 1982 to 2015, the NDVI initially increased (1982-1992), then decreased (1993-2007), and then increased again (2008-2015). The areas where NDVI decreased significantly accounted for 24.0% of the total land area. These areas with vegetation degradation are mainly distributed in the northwest junction between cropland and grassland, and in the cropland along the southern border. The proportions of total grassland, cropland and shrubland areas that were degraded are 23.5%, 48.4% and 13.7%, respectively. Areas with improved vegetation, accounting for 11.8% of the total land area, were mainly distributed in the mid-east cropland area, and the junction between cropland and grassland in the mid-east region.

Key words: desertification, Kazakhstan, land use, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), trends analysis