Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2017, Vol. 8 ›› Issue (3): 223-231.doi: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2017.03.002

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A Review and Implication of Land Fallow System Research

WU Qing1,2, XIE Hualin1,2,3,*   

  1. 1. Institute of Ecological civilization, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanchang 330013, China;
    2. School of Tourism and Urban Management, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanchang 330032, China;
    3. Co-Innovation Center for Institutional Construction for Jiangxi Eco-Civilization, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanchang 330013, China
  • Received:2017-03-28 Revised:2017-04-30 Online:2017-05-20 Published:2017-05-27
  • Contact: XIE Hualin, E-mail: xiehl_2000@163.com
  • Supported by:
    Key projects of the National Social Science Fund of China (No. 15AZD075), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41561040), Natural Science Foundation of Jiangxi Province (No. 20143ACB21023), Technology Foundation of Jiangxi Education Department of China (No. KJLD14033 & GJJ160431), Fok Ying-Tung Fund (No. 141084).

Abstract: Land fallow is of great significance for undertaking land reclamation, safeguarding national food security, promoting environmental improvements and ensuring the sustainable use of land resources. This paper reviews the important achievements in three areas of research on the land fallow system. It reviews and compares the land fallow system in different countries and regions of the world; it examines the response of farmers to the land fallow system and ecological environment; and it looks at the economic effects of the land fallow system. Based on China's rotation system for cultivated land, some relevant policy implications are put forward. Based on the different degrees of land damage, the evaluation system and the subsidy accounting standard for fallow land are formulated, and the compulsory fallow and voluntary participation of the niche fallow are targeting. The land fallow system should improve both the regulatory and the restraint mechanisms, improve the environmental awareness and environmental protection skills of farmers, change the production behaviors of farmers, and encourage farmers to change to high coverage crops to protect the land. In view of the negative effects produced by implementation of the fallow system should take corresponding management and compensation measures.

Key words: China, ecological compensation, farmers' respond, food security, sustainable land use, land fallow