Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2016, Vol. 7 ›› Issue (5): 317-322.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2016.05.001

• Orginal Article •     Next Articles

The Status and Achievements of Green Mines and Mining Ethics in China

SHEN Lei1, KONG Hanxiao1, 2, WANG Jian3, *, HUANG Xu3, HU Ke3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2015-12-02 Online:2016-09-20 Published:2016-09-20
  • Contact: WANG Jian. E-mail: wangjian1230102@126.com
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41271547, 41271546); The Transformation and development research center of resource- exhausted cities, Hubei Normal University (Kf2015z01)

Abstract:

The mining industry has made outstanding contributions to China’s economic and social development, but a series of environmental problems remain. As Green Mines and ecological civilization concepts are put forward, the relationship between people and nature is receiving more attention, and especially mining ethics. Present construction standards encompass legal mining, management standardization, comprehensive utilization, technological advancement, energy saving and waste reduction, environmental protection, land reclamation, harmonious community and enterprise culture. As at 2014 the Chinese Ministry of Land and Resources had published 661 Green Mines. Here, we analyze the present situation and prospects of Green Mines in China by the distribution from regional and mine type perspectives. Green Mines are nearly spread over every province and mine type, but Eastern China participated earlier than other areas. We discuss constructing Chinese mining ethics on the basis of traditional ethics and Western ecological ethics as theoretical foundations and practices. We consider that the significance of building Chinese mining ethics in Green Mine construction includes promoting social responsibility, improving environmental protection awareness and accelerating society development. Under the guidance of Chinese mining ethics we propose mining enterprise development models for the future, such as comprehensive utilization, circular economy and community harmony.

Key words: ecological civilization, green mines, mining ethics, traditional ethics