Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2015, Vol. 6 ›› Issue (6): 412-419.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2015.06.009

• Eco. Compensation • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Mechanisms for Realizing the Economic Values of Ecosystem Services

ZHANG Changshun1, *, LIU Chunlan2, LI Na1, 3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Beijing Municipal Research Institute of Environmental Protection, Beijing 100037, China;
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2015-10-28 Online:2015-11-30 Published:2015-11-25
  • Contact: ZHANG Changshun.
  • Supported by:
    the National Science and Technology Support Program (2013BAC03B05)

Abstract: The fact that ecosystem services have values that can be quantified has been widely accepted in recent years. Part of the economic values of ecosystem services have been realized partly by ecological compensation of fiscal transfer payments at different levels, trade and consumption of leisure tourism and ecological products, and carbon sequestration forest funds sponsored by non-governmental capital. However, it remains difficult to realize the economic value of ecosystem services as industrial products and support the coordinated and sustainable development of nature, economy and society. To reveal the role of ecological compensation, consumption of biological products, leisure tourism and ecosystem services trading in realizing the economic values of ecosystem services, we analyzed the composition, transfer and consumption pattern of ecosystem services. In order to provide theoretical and technological support for inter-regional ecological compensation, ecosystem service industry development and ecosystem services trade, the concept of ecosystem services credit and key problems with ecosystem services trading are proposed.