Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2015, Vol. 6 ›› Issue (2): 110-113.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2015.02.008

• Silk Road • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Projects of Development of Transcontinental Transport- Economic Belts in Northern Eurasia

Peter BAKLANOV, Matvey ROMANOV, Vladimir KARAKIN, Alexey LANKIN   

  1. The Pacific Geographical Institute, Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok 690041, Russia
  • Received:2014-09-15 Revised:2015-02-11 Online:2015-03-25 Published:2015-03-25
  • Contact: Alexey LANKIN. Email: alankin@tig.dvo.ru.
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41271556; 41101117); National Natural Science Foundation of China and Russian Foundation for Basic Research (4141101065; 15-56-53037).

Abstract:

The role of the Trans-Siberian main railway is considered related to interaction between the West and the East of Eurasia. The stages of formation of a transport-economic belt along the Trans-Siberian main railway and its branches are distinguished. The main features of long-term development of the Trans-Siberian main railway, its new branches, and also the Russian mega project "Integrated Eurasian infrastructural system" are presented. The comparative characteristic of a zone of influence of the Trans-Siberian main railway and a New Silk Road in the People's Republic of China is given. General environmental issues in the development of transcontinental Eurasian transport-economic belts are singled out. The authors believe that despite some competition to the Trans-Siberian Main Railway in the Eurasian transport transit, realization of the New Silk Road project will bring obvious socio- economic and environmental benefits for participating countries through formation of the zone of the sustainable development along this transport corridor. Finally, it will undoubtedly contribute to achievement of closer economic integration and greater security in Eurasia.

Key words: Eurasian transport transit, in-land development, railways modernization, environmental issues