Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2014, Vol. 5 ›› Issue (3): 280-288.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2014.03.011

• Reports • Previous Articles    

The Asynchronous Phenomenon and Relative Efficiency of Tourism Resources in China Based on Panel Data for 31 Provinces from 2001 to 2009

FANG Yelin1, HUANG Zhenfang2, ZHANG Hong2,3, PENG Qian2, LU Weiting2   

  1. 1 School of Business, Anhui University, Hefei 230601, China;
    2 College of Geographic Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China;
    3 Kunshan Academy, Jiangsu Radio and Television University, Suzhou 215300, China
  • Received:2014-04-02 Revised:2014-06-03 Online:2014-09-18 Published:2014-09-10
  • Contact: HUANG Zhenfang
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41271149; 41301145); a project funded by the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD); and Youth Foundation of Humanities and Social Science of Education Ministry (12YJC790175).

Abstract: We used panel data for 31 Chinese provinces from 2001 to 2009 and entropy methods to evaluate regional tourism resources endowment. Combined with regional tourism revenue, we constructed an asynchronous index and quantitatively evaluated every area's asynchronous phenomenon regarding tourism resources. We found that Chinese mainland tourism resources have asynchronous phenomenon: tourism is positively asynchronous in the east (Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and Beijing-Tianjin region) and negatively asynchronous in central and western China. The total efficiency of tourism resources in eastern China is mainly driven by pure technology efficiency and by scale efficiency in western China. In addition to some provinces, the ranking of provincial total efficiency and the asynchronous index has a strong positive correlation. We conclude with several suggestions for the development of tourism resources across China.

Key words: tourism resources, asynchronous index, relative efficiency, entropy-value method, superiority degree, China