Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2012, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (1): 1-7.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2012.01.001

• Articles •     Next Articles

Adjustment of Payments for Ecological Benefits in Traditional Agricultural Areas: Case Study on SADO Island, Japan

WANG Dai1, LIN Xueqin YU Jianhui2, SI Yuefang1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Capital Normal University, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Department of Geography Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, Giessen, Germany
  • Received:2011-11-23 Revised:2011-12-15 Online:2012-03-30 Published:2012-03-30
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41101120), National Natural Science Foundation of China (41101150).

Abstract: To date, theories of eco-compensation and biological restoration have been popular, and some models in developed countries are treated as good examples. Here, we not only focus on Japan, but also pay more attention to challenges during this process. Based on a long-term field study on Sado Island, a less developed region in Japan, we attempt to describe how the government carries out environmental remediation towards the reintroduction of ibis (Species name) into the wild, and the conflict between ibis habitat restoration and farm management. We discuss the underlying reasons for this conflict and the negative effect on regional development. We follow policy improvements of the local government and related supplementary help carried out to fix the mismatch between the payment for ecological benefits and that lost by farmers in the pre-period. We conclude that the coordination of interest among different social groups is the key for success in ecological restoration and compensatory measures have to be made to meet the actual needs of the local groups. This case study in Japan can be applied to similar regions with poor environments and urgent environment restoration needs in China.

Key words: biological restoration, conflict between humans and nature, payment for ecological benefit (PEB), reintroduction of ibis, Japan