Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2019, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (6): 657-666.doi: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764X.2019.06.011

• Resources and Environment • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Estimation of Travel Climate Comfort Degree in the Cross-border Region between China and Russia based on GIS

ZHOU Yezhi1,2, WANG Juanle2,5,*(), WANG Yi3, Elena A. Grigorieva4   

  1. 1. China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China
    2. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    3. National Science and Technology Infrastructure Center, Beijing 100862, China
    4. Institute for Complex Analysis of Regional Problems, Far-Eastern Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Birobidzhan 679016, Russia
    5. Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China;
  • Received:2019-06-03 Accepted:2019-07-24 Online:2019-11-30 Published:2019-12-09
  • Contact: WANG Juanle E-mail:wangjl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    The Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA2003020302);Construction Project of China Knowledge Center for Engineering Sciences and Technology(CKCEST-2018-2-8);Special Exchange Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences(Y9X90050Y2)

Abstract:

The duration of travel climate comfort degree is an important factor that influences the length of the tourism season and the development of a tourism destination. In this study, we used the monthly average meteorological data for the last 10 years from 46 weather stations in Heilongjiang Province (China) and Primorsky Krai (Russia) to calculate the temperature-humidity index (THI) and wind chill index (WCI) based on ArcGIS software interpolation technology. We obtained the climate comfort charts of the study area with a grid size a 1 km 2 grid size, and analyzed the spatial distribution of comfort for each month. The results show the following: 1) The THI and WCI of the cross-border region gradually decrease from south to north and from low altitude to high altitude. The annual comfortable climate period is longer when analyzed in terms of the WCI rather \than the THI. 2) The travel climate comfortable period of the study area shows significant regional difference and the length of the comfortable period in Heilongjiang Province is 4 to 5 months. Meanwhile, the period in Primorsky Krai decreases from south to north and the length of the comfortable period length in its southern region can reach 7 months. 3) The predominant length of the climate comfortable period in the cross-border area is 5 months per year, and it covers 46.6% of the total area, while areas that have a climate comfortable period of 2 months are the most limited, covering less than 0.3% of the area. The results provide a scientific basis for the utilization and development of a meteorological tourism resources and touring arrangements for tourists in the cross-border region between China and Russia.

Key words: travel climate comfortable degree, temperature-humidity index, wind chill index, the cross-border region between China and Russia, climate adaption