Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2011, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (1): 15-21.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-764x.2011.01.003

• GIAHS topics • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Agricultural Heritage Research in China: Progresses and Perspectives

MIN Qingwen1, HE Lu1,2, ZHANG Dan1   

  1. 1 Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS,Beijing 100101,China;
    2 Graduate University of ChineseAcademy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China
  • Received:2011-01-18 Revised:2011-02-28 Online:2011-03-30 Published:2011-03-28
  • Contact: MIN Qingwen.Email:minqw@igsnrr.ac.cn.
  • Supported by:

    National Public Benefit(Environmental)Research Foundation of China(201009020)and FAO/GEF project(GCP/GLO/212/GEF).

Abstract: One of the legacies of the time honored agricultural development in China has been varied farming practices that adapt well to different natural conditions.These old but still functioning farming systems continue to inspire us to find solutions to various environmental problems caused by so-called modern agriculture.This paper reviewed the studies on agricultural heritage in China,including two categories: document-based researches and practice-oriented researches on dynamic conservation and adaptive management of these traditional agricultural heritages.Studies on the history and archaeological findings about the Chinese traditional agricultural heritage have laid a solid foundation for any further study. Dynamic conservation and adaptive management of agricultural heritage was promoted by the Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems(GIAHS)project initiated by FAO in 2002.Until now,researches on the conservation and adaptive management of agricultural heritages have touched on many aspects of the issue,including theoretical consideration of agricultural heritage,agrobiodiversity characteristics of agricultural heritage,multi-values of agricultural heritage dynamic conservation,substitutive industries, legislation and institutionalization for the conservation of agricultural heritage.We conclude the paper with an agenda for future studies on agricultural heritages,including the broadening of the research scope,innovative research methodologies and methods and the development of strategies that combine conservation and utilization of agricultural heritages.

Key words: traditional agriculture, Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems(GIAHS), China, FAO, eco-agriculture