Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2010, Vol. 1 ›› Issue (4): 345-.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-764x.2010.04.007

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Seasonal Dynamics of Runoff-Sediment Relationship and Its Controlling Factors in Black Soil Region of Northeast China

LI Runkui1,2*, ZHU A-Xing1,3, SONG Xianfeng2 and CUI Ming4   

  1. 1 State Key Lab. of Resources & Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2 Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS, Beijing 100049, China;
    3 Department of Geography, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA;
    4 Institute of Desertification Studies, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China
  • Received:2010-08-30 Revised:2010-10-29 Online:2010-12-30 Published:2010-12-30
  • Contact: LI Runkui

Abstract: Seasonal runoff-sediment dynamics and its controlling factors were studied in an agricultural watershed in the black soil region of Northeast China. Daily sediment and discharge data from 1957 to 1989 (except for 1961 and 1962) was used to investigate runoff-sediment dynamics, and the observed data shows that the discharge patterns are dominated by runoff from July to September, which accounted for about 64.7% of annual discharge; fluctuations in suspended sediment concentration (SSC) are markedly different from discharge fluctuations; and SSC in the snowmelt season (April) and late June to July is conspicuously higher than at other periods of the year. One concept was proposed to isolate the individual effect of each controlling factor on SSC from their joint effects and the preliminary analysis shows that: (1) high SSC in April is mainly dominated by freeze-thaw, and high SSC in July is dominated by intensive rainfall erosivity rather than volume of discharge; (2) an increase in rainfall erosivity increases SSC whether or not a field is covered by crops; (3) the effect of rainfall erosivity with increasing SSC in July is larger than the reduction effect from crop cover. The results reveal that the concept of isolating an individual effect from the joint effect played by multiple controlling factors on SSC provides potentially an efficient and effective way for evaluating land use and management practices in a new area with limited data.

Key words: controlling factors of sediment yield, black soil region, runoff-sediment relationship, seasonal dynamics