资源与生态学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (1): 161-172.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2022.01.017

• • 上一篇    

北京市2006-2016绿色发展水平时空演变特征研究

伦飞1(), 李红2, 胡起源1, 高翔1, 查思含1, 霍伟1, 张丹3, 肖潇1,*()   

  1. 1.中国农业大学土地科学与技术学院,北京 100193
    2.北京农林科学院植物营养与资源研究所,北京 100097
    3.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2021-08-23 接受日期:2021-10-27 出版日期:2022-01-30 发布日期:2022-01-08
  • 通讯作者: 肖潇

Estimating the Spatial and Temporal Changes in the Green Development Level in Beijing during 2006-2016

LUN Fei1(), LI Hong2, HU Qiyuan1, GAO Xiang1, ZHA Sihan1, HUO Wei1, ZHANG Dan3, XIAO Xiao1,*()   

  1. 1. College of Land Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
    2. Institute of Plant Nutrition and Resources, Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, Beijing 100097, China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2021-08-23 Accepted:2021-10-27 Online:2022-01-30 Published:2022-01-08
  • Contact: XIAO Xiao
  • About author:LUN Fei, E-mail: lunfei@cau.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    The National Natural Science Foundation of China(41801202);The National Natural Science Foundation of China(41911530693)

摘要:

绿色发展是实现全球可持续发展目标的重要途径。如何平衡经济发展与环境保护,已成为中国首都北京面临的巨大挑战,其研究成果与实践经验可以为其他城市的生态文明建设和绿色发展提供参考建议。本文以北京市2006-2016年的统计数据为基础,构建了北京市绿色发展评价体系,并运用投影寻踪模型和空间分析方法,分析了北京市绿色发展水平的时空演化特征,并进一步探讨了研究期间北京市绿色发展的主导因素。研究结果表明:(1)北京市绿色发展的总体水平和平均水平均呈现明显的上升趋势;(2)北京市各功能区绿色发展存在明显的空间差异,城市外区绿色水平明显高于内区;(3)生态环境以及消费水平是影响北京绿色发展的两个重要因素。

关键词: 绿色发展, 绿色发展评价体系, 投影寻踪模型, 北京市

Abstract:

Green development is an important way to achieve global sustainable development goals, and has become one of the main research hotspots in recent years. Balancing economic development and environmental protection has turned out to be a great challenge in Beijing, the capital of China, which can provide some suggestions on ecological civilization construction and green development for other cities. However, there have been limited studies on this crucial topic. Therefore, based on the statistical data for Beijing from 2006 to 2016, this paper constructed the green development evaluation system of Beijing, and used the Projection Pursuit Model and spatial analysis method to analyze the spatial and temporal changes in its green development level. We also aimed to further explore the influences of key factors on green development. Our results illustrated that: (1) the overall and average levels of green development in Beijing showed significant increasing trends; (2) there are obvious spatial differences in green development among districts in Beijing, with the outer districts showing higher values; and (3) the environmental condition and human consumption were two important factors driving the green development in Beijing.

Key words: green development, green development evaluation system, the projection pursuit model, Beijing