资源与生态学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (1): 80-92.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2022.01.009

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近20年来中国生态补偿研究热点分析——基于文献计量研究

刘某承1,*(), 白云霄1,2, 苏伯儒1,2   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2021-08-01 接受日期:2021-10-13 出版日期:2022-01-30 发布日期:2022-01-08
  • 通讯作者: 刘某承

Analysis of the Hotspots of Ecological Compensation Research in China in the Past 20 Years based on a Bibliometric Study

LIU Moucheng1,*(), BAI Yunxiao1,2, SU Boru1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2021-08-01 Accepted:2021-10-13 Online:2022-01-30 Published:2022-01-08
  • Contact: LIU Moucheng
  • Supported by:
    The National Natural Science Foundation of China(42171279);The Mobility Programme DFG-NSFC(M-0342)

摘要:

近年来,生态补偿作为生态文明的重要组成部分,在学术界获得了广泛的关注。本研究运用知识图谱工具CiteSpace对CNKI数据库中学术期刊收录的生态补偿研究的相关文献进行梳理分析,以期为该领域研究提供更客观、科学的参考。结果表明:国内有关生态补偿的研究在2000年左右开始出现,并于2009年迎来第一个研究热潮;国内学者多从生态补偿的内涵、补偿主客体、补偿标准、补偿方式、补偿监管与补偿效果的评估等方面对生态补偿进行研究和探讨,特别是有关生态补偿标准的文章相对较多。同时,生态补偿研究还常常与生态系统服务价值和生态产品价值实现相联系。未来,研究者应着重关注建立和完善生态补偿标准核算体系、探索市场化的生态补偿机制、重视生态补偿资金分配机制,以及加强生态补偿效果评估的相关研究,以推动生态补偿理论朝着纵深化方向发展,为我国处理好保护与发展之间的关系提供新的研究视角。

关键词: 生态补偿, 文献计量, 研究热点, 中国

Abstract:

Ecological compensation is an important part of ecological civilization which has gained widespread attention in academia in recent years. This study uses the knowledge graph tool CiteSpace to identify and analyze the literature related to ecological compensation research published in academic journals in the CNKI database, in order to provide an objective and scientific reference for the research in this field. The results show that the domestic research on ecological compensation began to appear around 2000, and the first research boom was ushered in starting in 2009. Most studies have explored ecological compensation from the connotation of ecological compensation, compensation subjects and objects, compensation standards, compensation methods, compensation supervision and evaluation of compensation effects, etc., and the articles on ecological compensation standards are relatively more abundant. At the same time, ecological compensation research is often linked to the realization of ecosystem service value and ecological product value. In the future, researchers should focus on establishing and improving the ecological compensation standard accounting system, exploring the market-based ecological compensation mechanism, attaching importance to the ecological compensation fund distribution mechanism, and strengthening research related to ecological compensation effect assessment. Ecological compensation theory should be developed in the direction of deepening and providing new research perspectives for helping China to deal with the relationship between conservation and development.

Key words: ecological compensation, bibliometrics, research hotspots, China