资源与生态学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (1): 2-16.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2022.01.001

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陆地生态系统模拟研究中IBIS模型开发应用的回顾和展望

刘金勋1,*(), 卢学鹤2, 朱求安3, 袁文平4, 苑全治5, 张臻6, 国庆喜7, DEERING Carol8   

  1. 1.美国地质调查局西部地理科学中心,加利福尼亚州莫菲特菲尔德 94035,美国
    2.苏州科技大学地理科学与测绘工程学院,江苏苏州 215009
    3.河海大学水文水资源学院,南京 210024
    4.中山大学大气科学学院,广州 510275
    5.四川师范大学地理与资源科学学院,成都 610068
    6.美国马里兰大学,马里兰州大学公园 20742,美国
    7.东北林业大学林学院,哈尔滨 150040
    8.KBR Inc., 美国地质调查局地球资源观测和科学中心,南达科他州苏福尔斯 57198,美国
  • 收稿日期:2021-08-16 接受日期:2021-10-14 出版日期:2022-01-30 发布日期:2022-01-08
  • 通讯作者: 刘金勋

Terrestrial Ecosystem Modeling with IBIS: Progress and Future Vision

LIU Jinxun1,*(), LU Xuehe2, ZHU Qiuan3, YUAN Wenping4, YUAN Quanzhi5, ZHANG Zhen6, GUO Qingxi7, DEERING Carol8   

  1. 1. U.S. Geological Survey, Western Geographic Science Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA
    2. School of Geography Science and Geomatics Engineering, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215009, China
    3. College of Hydrology and Water Resources, Hohai University, Nanjing 210024, China
    4. School of Atmospheric Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    5. College of Geography and Resources Sciences, Sichuan Normal University, Chengdu 610068, China
    6. Department of Geographical Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    7. School of Forestry, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China
    8. KBR Inc., contractor to the U.S. Geological Survey, Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center, Sioux Falls, SD 57198, USA
  • Received:2021-08-16 Accepted:2021-10-14 Online:2022-01-30 Published:2022-01-08
  • Contact: LIU Jinxun
  • Supported by:
    The Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China(41930651);The National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871334)

摘要:

全球动态植被模型(DGVM)是研究生态系统复杂过程和全球变化的强有力工具。本文基于过去20多年全球已发表的文献,对得到广泛关注和应用的DGVM之一——集成生物圈模拟器(Integrated Biosphere Simulator, IBIS)的开发、改进、发展及应用进行了总结。IBIS是一个在全球变化等多领域中有着广泛应用的模型。自1996年诞生以来,IBIS在陆地生态系统的碳、氮、水循环,植被动态、陆气耦合、水域系统耦合和气候变化影响等多个方面取得了验证和应用。本文较为系统地阐述了IBIS模型在V2.5版本后的不同发展方向,主要针对IBIS模型在水文过程(蒸散、土壤水分、地下水、径流)、植被动态(植被功能型、土地覆盖变化)、植被生理过程(植被物候、光合作用、植被生长、碳分配)、土壤生物地球化学过程(土壤碳氮循环及反馈、温室气体排放等)以及包括土地利用变化、干扰与管理等人类活动过程等方面的改进与发展进行了全面的综述;在此基础上,对模型在生态系统生产力、碳水收支、水分利用效率、温室气体排放、自然干扰(干旱、火灾、虫害)和人类活动(土地利用变化、农业经营)等方面的应用,以及模型的技术性改进方面进行了回顾;最后对模型的前景和进一步发展提出了一些见解。

关键词: IBIS, 生态模型, 生产力, 碳循环, 全球变化

Abstract:

Dynamic Global Vegetation Models (DGVM) are powerful tools for studying complicated ecosystem processes and global changes. This review article synthesizes the developments and applications of the Integrated Biosphere Simulator (IBIS), a DGVM, over the past two decades. IBIS has been used to evaluate carbon, nitrogen, and water cycling in terrestrial ecosystems, vegetation changes, land-atmosphere interactions, land-aquatic system integration, and climate change impacts. Here we summarize model development work since IBIS v2.5, covering hydrology (evapotranspiration, groundwater, lateral routing), vegetation dynamics (plant functional type, land cover change), plant physiology (phenology, photosynthesis, carbon allocation, growth), biogeochemistry (soil carbon and nitrogen processes, greenhouse gas emissions), impacts of natural disturbances (drought, insect damage, fire) and human induced land use changes, and computational improvements. We also summarize IBIS model applications around the world in evaluating ecosystem productivity, carbon and water budgets, water use efficiency, natural disturbance effects, and impacts of climate change and land use change on the carbon cycle. Based on this review, visions of future cross-scale, cross-landscape and cross-system model development and applications are discussed.

Key words: IBIS, ecological model, productivity, carbon cycle, global change