资源与生态学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 5 ›› Issue (1): 32-41.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2014.01.004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于全球变化视角的滨海旅游资源可持续发展对策研究

王芳1, 朱大奎2   

  1. 1 广东财经大学 地理与旅游学院, 广州 510320;
    2 南京大学 海岸与海岛开发教育部重点实验室, 南京 210093
  • 收稿日期:2013-08-10 修回日期:2014-03-03 出版日期:2014-03-18 发布日期:2014-03-18
  • 通讯作者: WANG Fang. Email:wwwfff1228@163.com.

The Study on Strategy of Sustainable Development in Coastal Tourism Resources from the Global Change Perspective

WANG Fang1, ZHU Dakui2   

  1. 1 College of Geography and Tourism, Guangdong University of Finance & Economics, Guangzhou 510320, China;
    2 Key Laboratory of Coast & Island Development, MOE, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
  • Received:2013-08-10 Revised:2014-03-03 Online:2014-03-18 Published:2014-03-18
  • Contact: WANG Fang. Email:wwwfff1228@163.com.
  • Supported by:

    Department of Science and Technology, Jiangsu Province “Sustainable development of coastal tourism in Jiangsu Province” (BR2011105); Research Center of Marine Development, China “Management strategy of ecotourism in Dafeng National Nature Reserve, Jiangsu Province” (AOCQN201115); and Research Center of Marine Development, China “Marine economy development in Jiangsu Province” (AOCZDA2011022).

摘要: 滨海旅游是最传统的、主要的旅游形式,也是现代旅游增长最快的领域,在国内外均具有举足轻重的地位。全球变化很可能是由人类活动引起,并且影响着旅游业的发展。旅游业通过使用交通运输系统尤其是航空旅行、旅游目的地住宿餐饮等活动排放大量温室气体,对全球变化做出贡献。可持续滨海旅游以可持续的资源开发和管理为基础,在全球变化视角下,要达到这一目标,需要在滨海旅游模式与产品类型转变、旅游资源利用方式转变、利益相关者协作等方面对滨海旅游资源进行优化开发和有效管理:以绿色思维指导低碳旅游模式,发展生态旅游和替代性旅游等新型产品;提倡降碳减排、发展碳补偿和碳经济、制定碳排放标准、鼓励新型节油节能科技应用;鼓励社区参与,平衡利益相关者的收益和兴趣,尤其是探察当地社区居民、旅游者和政府工作人员对全球变化的看法、态度、责任感和共识。这些措施将在规划—管理—监督—评估动态模型中得到优化。由于相关研究的可用数据有限,本文所引用数据部分来自于对旅游整体的研究结果,是为不足之处。

关键词: 滨海旅游资源, 可持续旅游, 全球变化, 社区参与

Abstract: Global change is induced by human activities and these changes impact tourism development. The transportation system especially aviation consumed by tourists and accommodation facilities in coastal destinations release massive greenhouse gases and contribute to global change. The ocean is very important to the society and the economy, and coastal tourism is one of the main human activities in the coastal zone. Coastal tourism resources are rich in China, and coastal tourism plays a decisive role in the marine economy. Here, we analyze problems and challenges during the development of coastal tourism resources from the global change perspective, and identify key factors for the future and ecologically friendly coastal tourism resource development and management under the framework of sustainable development. Based on our findings we recommend changing the pattern and products of coastal tourism to develop low carbon coastal tourism based on the idea of "green thinking"; more attention on developments of creative tourism products such as ecotourism and alternative tourism; changes to coastal tourism resource utilization by developing low carbon coastal tourism, advocating carbon emission reduction, promoting carbon compensation and carbon economy, and encouraging new energy saving technology application. Stakeholders also need to be considered. All these measures should be implemented and optimized during the process of planning-management-monitoring-evaluation in the dynamic model. Due to limited data on coastal tourism resource development and management in the global change perspective, part of our reference data is from whole tourism research results and this is a shortcoming of our approach.

Key words: coastal tourism resource, sustainable tourism, global change, community involvement