资源与生态学报 ›› 2012, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (4): 289-296.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2012.04.001

• 论文 •    下一篇

中国矿山迹地的生态恢复

胡振琪, 王培俊, 李晶   

  1. 中国矿业大学(北京) 土地复垦与生态重建研究所, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2012-09-07 修回日期:2012-11-14 出版日期:2012-12-30 发布日期:2012-12-29
  • 通讯作者: HU Zhenqi. Email: huzqbj@yahoo.com.cn.

Ecological Restoration of Abandoned Mine Land in China

HU Zhenqi, WANG Peijun, LI Jing   

  1. Institute of Land Reclamation and Ecological Restoration, China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2012-09-07 Revised:2012-11-14 Online:2012-12-30 Published:2012-12-29
  • Supported by:

    National Twelve Five-year Plan Science and Technology Program (2012BAC04B03).

摘要: 矿业开发活动产生了大量的废弃地,本文综述了我国露天煤矿排土场、采煤沉陷地和煤矸石山等矿山迹地生态恢复的理论与技术进展,并对今后研究的重点问题进行了展望。采矿迹地生态恢复涉及到很多学科,需要借鉴多学科的理论,同时介绍了采矿迹地生态恢复的实用技术和示范基地建设情况,未来应重点关注矿山迹地生态系统演替过程与机理、采矿废弃地复垦利用的结构优化和采矿迹地生态恢复新技术等问题。

关键词: 矿山迹地, 生态恢复, 露天煤矿, 采煤沉陷地, 煤矸石山

Abstract: Mining activities produced a lot of abandoned mine land. This paper introduced the theoretical and technical progress of ecological restoration of surface coal mines, mining subsidence land and coal waste piles in China and discussed some key problems for research in the future. Ecological restoration of abandoned mine land was related to many disciplines, and multi-disciplinary theories might make great contributes to it. Some practical techniques of ecological restoration of abandoned mine land and their demonstration bases in China were introduced. Ecosystem succession process and mechanism, structure optimization of land use and new technologies of ecological restoration of abandoned mine land should be focused on in research activities.

Key words: abandoned mine land, ecological restoration, surface coal mine, mining subsidence land, coal waste piles