资源与生态学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (6): 605-613.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764X.2019.06.005

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我国生态环境资源承载力核算研究现状、问题及其展望

李建龙1,*(), 陆啸飞1, 张静静1, 牟林云1, 甄霖2, 徐增让2, 周卫红1,3,*()   

  1. 1. 南京大学生命科学学院生态学系,南京 210093
    2. 中国科学院地理资源与科学研究所,北京 100101
    3. 江苏科技大学苏州理工学院,江苏张家港 215600
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-02 接受日期:2019-08-05 出版日期:2019-11-30 发布日期:2019-12-09
  • 通讯作者: 李建龙,周卫红

The Current Status, Problems and Prospects of Researches on the Carrying Capacities of Ecological Environment in China

LI Jianlong1,*(), LU Xiaofei1, ZHANG Jingjing1, MOU Linyun1, ZHEN Lin2, XU Zengrang2, ZHOU Weihong1,3,*()   

  1. 1. Department of Ecology, School of Life Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    3. Suzhou Institute of Technology, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Zhangjiagang 215600, Jiangsu, China
  • Received:2019-07-02 Accepted:2019-08-05 Online:2019-11-30 Published:2019-12-09
  • Contact: LI Jianlong,ZHOU Weihong
  • Supported by:
    The National Key Research and Development Project(2018YFD0800201)

摘要:

为了明确生态资源承载能力是协调人类活动与环境矛盾、经济增长与环境保护及社会发展关系的关键,我们近年来对生态环境承载力进行了广泛的系统研究。本文通过大量的文献查阅和分析及自主研发,系统论述了我国生态环境承载力研究的现状和存在的主要问题, 主要存在两个问题:(1)概念和内涵不够清晰,(2)研究内容不够系统。并总结了评价指标体系和主要计算方法,我国资源环境承载力的核算既有像物流增长模型、神经网络模型、灰色系统模型、多元回归模型、耦合模型、动力学模型等传统模型;又有ARVE-DGVM模型、几何相对资源承载力模型等基于资源承载力自身构建的改进或创新模型;此外,还有像脉冲耦合神经网络模型等基于两种或两种以上模型构建的综合评价模型。最后,根据国内外研究现状和发展要求,提出了该研究领域未来可能的发展方向和趋势,生态承载力必将从单学科、单因子研究趋向多学科合作,开展人口、资源、环境的综合评价,发展多因素、多层次的交叉综合研究。

关键词: 生态资源, 资源环境承载力, 定量核算方法, 绿色生态空间量化, 绿色量化指标体系

Abstract:

Determining the carrying capacity of ecological resources is the key to finding contradictions between human activities and the environment, as well as the links between economic growth, environmental protection and social development. In recent years, the carrying capacity of the ecological environment has been extensively studied at home and abroad. Through extensive literature research and analysis, this paper discusses the current status and main problems of recent research on the carrying capacity of the ecological environment in China. For example, two of the main problems are that: 1) the concepts and connotations are not clear enough, and 2) the research content is not systematic enough. This is followed by a summary of the evaluation index system and main calculation methods. Finally, according to the research status and development trends at home and abroad, the possible direction for the development of this research field in the future is proposed.

Key words: ecological resources, environment carrying capacity, accounting method, green ecological space quantification, green quantification index system