Journal of Resources and Ecology ›› 2021, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (3): 376-383.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2021.03.007

• Human Activities and Ecological Security • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Resilience, Adaptability, and Regime Shifts Thinking: A Perspective of Dryland Socio-ecology System

PENG Yu1,2, ZHANG Qiuying3, CHEN Yuanzhan4, XU Ning1,2, QIAO Yunfeng1,2, TIAN Chao1, Hubert HIRWA1,2, Salif DIOP5, Aliou GUISSE6, LI Fadong1,2,7,*()   

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3.Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China
    4.School of Mathematics and Statistics, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
    5.National Academy of Sciences of Senegal, Dakar 4344, Senegal
    6.Faculty of Science and Technology, University Cheikh Anta Diop of Dakar, Dakar 5005, Senegal
    7.International Ecosystem Management Partnership-United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP-IEMP), Beijing 100101, China;
  • Received:2020-09-30 Accepted:2020-12-25 Online:2021-05-30 Published:2021-07-30
  • Contact: LI Fadong
  • About author:PENG Yu, E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    The National Natural Science Foundation of China(41761144053);The National Natural Science Foundation of China(41561144011-04);The National Natural Science Foundation of China(U1803244);The International Partnership Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(121311KYSB201700)


Arid areas are widespread globally and support a third of the world’s population’s livelihoods. The increasing population, urbanization, land-use changes, and the climate significantly affect coupled natural and human systems and threaten environments and socio-ecological land systems. The degradation of drylands poses a severe and widespread threat to the lives of millions of people, especially in developing countries and in the global environment. This review assesses published literature on dryland socio-ecological systems to reveal current research trends and changes in research themes over time and introduces basic theories and advances in dryland socio-ecological system frameworks, resilience measurement, and regime shifts. Developing a more general but adaptable framework and a more practical strategy for long-term coordination and partnership and attaining specific insights into ecological services should receive more attention and be strengthened in future studies on drylands sustainability.

Key words: dryland, socio-ecological system, coupled human-natural system, adaptability, resilience, sustainability