资源与生态学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (6): 549-561.DOI: 10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2020.06.002

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基于DPSIR模型的城市雾霾治理水平与效率的测度及比较——以华北31个城市为例

肖沁霖(), 田超, 王彦君, 李秀清, 肖黎明*()   

  1. 山西师范大学经济与管理学院,山西临汾 041000
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-28 接受日期:2020-08-02 出版日期:2020-11-30 发布日期:2020-10-25
  • 通讯作者: 肖黎明

Measurement and Comparison of Urban Haze Governance Level and Efficiency based on the DPSIR Model: A Case Study of 31 Cities in North China

XIAO Qinlin(), TIAN Chao, WANG Yanjun, LI Xiuqing, XIAO Liming*()   

  1. School of Economics and Management, Shanxi Normal University, Linfen 041000, Shanxi, China
  • Received:2020-05-28 Accepted:2020-08-02 Online:2020-11-30 Published:2020-10-25
  • Contact: XIAO Liming
  • About author:XIAO Qinlin, E-mail: x853903799@163.com
  • Supported by:
    The National Social Science Foundation of China(17BJY038);Number of patent applications granted in different regions;Number of patent applications granted in different regions

摘要:

在全面建成小康社会的决胜阶段,雾霾天气已成为美丽中国建设的一大障碍,因此提升雾霾治理水平及效率就成为其中的关键。本文基于DPSIR模型构建了雾霾治理水平及效率的指标体系,借助熵值法和超效率DEA模型分别测算了2007-2016年华北地区31个城市的雾霾治理水平与效率,从空间差异及影响因素方面对二者进行了比较分析,结果表明:(1) 考察期内华北地区城市雾霾治理水平及效率整体均呈现波动下降之态势,具有明显的阶段性特征;雾霾治理效率远高于其水平,且其均值达到了DEA有效。(2) 二者存在显著的地区梯度差异,雾霾治理水平呈现出“东低-中高-西低”的凸字型分布格局,而雾霾治理效率却呈现与之相反的“东高-中低-西高”的凹字型分布格局。(3) 就回归结果而言,经济增长对雾霾治理水平及效率具有负向阻碍作用;而产业结构则对雾霾治理水平及效率具有正向促进作用,但其对二者作用的显著性有所不同。本文据此针对性地给出了改进华北各市雾霾治理水平及效率的政策建议。

关键词: 雾霾治理水平, 雾霾治理效率, 熵值法, 超效率DEA模型

Abstract:

In the decisive stage of developing of a moderately prosperous society in all aspects, hazy weather has become a major obstacle to the further advancement of China. Therefore, improving the level and efficiency of haze governance has become essential. Based on the DPSIR model, this paper builds a haze governance level and efficiency index system using the entropy method and the super-efficiency data envelope-analysis (DEA) model to analyze the data for 31 cities in North China from 2007 to 2016. From the aspects of spatial differences and influence factors influencing the comparative analysis, the results are as follows. (1) During the investigation period, the level and efficiency of city haze governance in North China showed a trend of fluctuation and decline, with obvious stages in their characteristics. Haze governance efficiency is much higher than its level, and its mean value reaches the DEA level which indicates that it is effective. (2) A significant regional gradient difference occurs between these two aspects. The haze governance level presents a convex distribution pattern of “east low-middle high-west low”, while the haze governance efficiency presents a concave distribution pattern of “east high-middle low-west high”. (3) The regression results show that economic growth has a negative effect on both haze governance level and efficiency. By contrast, the industrial structure has a positive effect on haze governance level and efficiency, but the significance of its effect on these two is different. On this basis, policy suggestions are proposed for improving the level and efficiency of haze governance in various cities in North China.

Key words: haze governance level, haze governance efficiency, entropy method, super-efficiency DEA model