在全面建成小康社会的决胜阶段,雾霾天气已成为美丽中国建设的一大障碍,因此提升雾霾治理水平及效率就成为其中的关键。本文基于DPSIR模型构建了雾霾治理水平及效率的指标体系,借助熵值法和超效率DEA模型分别测算了2007-2016年华北地区31个城市的雾霾治理水平与效率,从空间差异及影响因素方面对二者进行了比较分析,结果表明：(1) 考察期内华北地区城市雾霾治理水平及效率整体均呈现波动下降之态势,具有明显的阶段性特征;雾霾治理效率远高于其水平,且其均值达到了DEA有效。(2) 二者存在显著的地区梯度差异,雾霾治理水平呈现出“东低-中高-西低”的凸字型分布格局,而雾霾治理效率却呈现与之相反的“东高-中低-西高”的凹字型分布格局。(3) 就回归结果而言,经济增长对雾霾治理水平及效率具有负向阻碍作用;而产业结构则对雾霾治理水平及效率具有正向促进作用,但其对二者作用的显著性有所不同。本文据此针对性地给出了改进华北各市雾霾治理水平及效率的政策建议。
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